Unintentional drowning deaths among children aged 0-17 years: United States, 1999-2019

Citation Spencer MR, Hedegaard H, Warner M. NCHS Data Brief 2021; (413): 1-8.

Copyright (Copyright © 2021, United States National Center for Health Statistics)

DOI unavailable

PMID unavailable

Abstract “Key findings
Data from the National Vital Statistics System, Mortality

Over the past 2 decades, the rate of unintentional drowning deaths among children aged 0–17 years declined 38%, from 1.6 per 100,000 in 1999 to 1.0 in 2019.

Unintentional drowning death rates among children were highest for those aged 1–4, with rates decreasing from 3.2 in 1999 to 2.4 in 2019.

In 1999–2019, unintentional drowning death rates were higher for non-Hispanic black children compared with non-Hispanic white and Hispanic children.

For the period, unintentional drowning death rates were higher for children in rural compared with urban counties.

During 2018–2019, the highest percentage of unintentional drowning deaths occurred in bathtubs for ages under 1 year, in swimming pools for ages 1–4 and 5–13, and in natural bodies of water for ages 14–17.

Drowning deaths are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths for children aged 0-17 years and the leading cause for those aged 1-4 (1). Previous studies using national data have shown that unintentional drowning deaths can differ by sex, age, race and ethnicity, and urban-rural category (2,3). This report uses the latest mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to present national trends in unintentional drowning death rates from 1999 through 2019 for children aged 0-17.

This report highlights differences in unintentional drowning death rates among children aged 0–17 years by sex, age group, race and ethnicity, urban–rural county of residence, and place of drowning. Overall, unintentional drowning death rates decreased from 1.6 per 100,000 in 1999 to 1.0 in 2019. Rates were higher for males than for females throughout the period. In 2019, the rate for males (1.4) was roughly twice that for females (0.6). While death rates declined for all age groups from 1999 through 2019, the rate for those aged 1–4 remained more than double the rates for other age groups. Throughout the period, rates were higher for non-Hispanic black children than for non-Hispanic white or Hispanic children. Rates were also consistently higher for children living in rural counties compared with urban counties. In 2018–2019, the place of drowning varied by age group. The greatest percentage of deaths occurred in bathtubs for those under 1 year, in swimming pools for those aged 1–4 and 5–13, and in natural bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, streams, and oceans for those aged 14–17.”

Dorothy A. Drago, MA, MPH
11 Brookside Ave.
Plymouth, MA 02360
Cell 781-504-9996

Safer California Unintentional Injury Prevention Virtual Conference

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Register Now for the Safer California Unintentional Injury Prevention Virtual Conference

November 17th and 18th, 2020

It is more important than ever to attend this unintentional injury prevention conference. Learn how successful prevention programs are thriving despite the pandemic.

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Drowning Prevention Community Involvement at Safer California Conference: Pool and Home Water Safety, and Open Bodies of Water

Early Bird Registration Pricing is extended until October 6, 2020
to accommodate realities of our current landscape
(Register at the Early Bird Reduced Rate of $50)

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Here is what you can expect from the Safer California 2-day virtual conference:

  • Cutting edge provocative keynote plenary sessions with California’s leading state and local leaders, prevention public health advocates, activists, change agents, and thought leaders
  • Hear firsthand what the Governor, and other state leaders are thinking and why
  • Be in the same work sessions with state and local leaders responsible for changes to California state and local law addressing the injury prevention issues on which you are working
  • Hear how you can be an effective partner on drowning prevention in your community, partnering with other injury prevention leaders, and affected families who have lost a child due to a drowning, poisoning, fall, vehicle or bicycle crash
  • Join in the discussion about next steps in California to prevent drowning involving pools or other home water sources, and open bodies of water (e.g. lakes, rivers, beaches)
  • Showcased examples of why those working on the front lines of prevention are the most important part of prevention in California – Learn how to improve how you tell your prevention work and program stories
  • Learn about successful drowning prevention programs that can provide your community with prevention resources needed to save a child by preventing injury from occurring
  • 16 workshop sessions to help you bring your local prevention program to the pinnacle of success, inspire, educate, and improve your prevention efforts
  • Live chat room capability to allow you to connect and network with others working on the same prevention issues that are important to you
  • Real-time marketplace connections to learn more about the safety products and training program resources showcased in the virtual Exhibit Hall with the ability to schedule online 1:1s with your favorites during booth hours each day
  • Online “Attendees’ Billboard” to allow you to post prevention, coalition, and program questions, share information or simply to link up with those working on the same safety issues you work on
  • 24/7 access to all plenary and workshop session recordings and bonus content for up to six months following the Conference
  • Post-Conference webinars and virtual chat rooms to keep the inspiration going!

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Business community Finance Training

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Firm formation is likewise a part of business world finance classes. You’ll find out what proof you need as well as how to fill out the mandatory forms. There are lots of requirements that must be met just before a company can legally be made in the US. The moment it truly is created, you need to register it with the SEC (Securities Exchange Commission).

You have to gather all the legal documents, fiscal statements, business charters and other forms. Most likely, business world financing classes will reveal the best way to organize the necessary forms and records. It’s also important to accumulate your accounting documents too. These things consist of sales receipts, accounts receivable and accounts payable. Every one of these documents will be critical for you maintain your accounting records.

World of business finance classes can also assist you to organize finances. You will learn ways to divide the assets and liabilities involving the current company along with your new business. In doing so , you can make sure that all of your financial obligations happen to be accounted for. In case you are opening a brand new company, you might also have to do this to avoid virtually any legal conflicts later on.

The next thing you will need to perform is employ the service of a qualified comptroller who will assist you in running your enterprise. The scrivener will help you organize the accounts and prepare your profits statement, “balance sheet” and income and damage statement. Following the accountant has prepared the financial accounts, he or she will have to supply you with the financial quotes so you can formulate the right decisions. The accountant may also prepare your financial reports for one to send on your investors.

When you have received economical records, you will now have to review the knowledge. You will also need to ask your accountant problems so you can understand where you are not on track and correct your errors. The accountant may also help you build your budget and work on boosting your profit perimeter. to increase the amount of cash flow in your organization. Setting up a enterprise budget is usually very important.

One of many important element of business world money courses is finance preparing. You will need to build a business plan to plan your business and how it will pay its obligations. The plan will help you prepare your funds for long run growth. The organization plan are likewise able to show you and prevent potential complications. It also can be useful for determining your business’ expansion.

Part of world of business finance lessons may also cover accounting and accounting. This portion of the business world financing will help you establish a strategy on how to deal with the taxes involved with running a business. All these elements will make this easier for you to set up a successful enterprise.

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DPF mourns the loss of one of its own

Dear Colleagues – It is with great sadness to report the passing of Dr. Joseph Paul Barankin, husband and love of her life to Catherine Barankin, Executive Director, CA Coalition for Children’s Safety and Health.


Joe passed away quietly at his home Thursday, August 15, 2019. He was a true renaissance man, and great champion for the children and youth of California. He was far more than his long 30+ career (1973-2006) at the California Department of Education as Assistant State Superintendent of Public Instruction.


Among the many benefits California and children received from Joe was as one of the founders of the Sacramento Boys and Girls Clubs, and in lieu of flowers you can contribute to the Sacramento Boys and Girls Clubs at https://bgcsac.org/how-to-help/careers.html.


His much more personal Obituary is attached. The families memorial service is announced in the Obituary, and when a celebration of his life event is announced we will pass on that information.


Joe was a mentor, grant writing teacher and colleague who will be greatly missed.


Cards of sympathy and love can be sent to Cathy and his family at: 6100 Pirate Point Court, Elk Grove, CA 94758


Obituary for Dr. Joseph Paul Barankin


Dr. Joseph Paul Barankin passed quietly at his home on August 15, 2019.  Joe was a teacher, zealous advocate for children, cowboy, conservationist, musician, restauranteur, world traveler, and unconditional friend who touched the lives of so many.  Joe dedicated his life to education.  Whether it was family, friends, students, patrons, or a passerby on the street, Joe believed they had something to teach him, and he something to offer them.


His love of learning started early.  Joe was the child of two professors. A graduate of El Cerrito High School and San Francisco State University, he also earned a Ph.D. in Human Behavior and numerous teaching credentials.


Joe studied abroad in France and Japan, was fluent in three languages and semi-literate in numerous others. In addition to serving as unpaid tutor to his children, grandchildren, neighbors, and friends, his professional teaching experience included the National Postal Ministry of Japan, John F. Kennedy University in Martinez, San Francisco State University, Berkeley’s University of California Extension, and National University.


Joe was talented, creative, and had an insatiable appetite for knowledge.  He took piano lessons as a child but preferred to play songs by ear rather than read music.  He was a masterful self-taught acoustic guitar player.  And his library is the envy of bibliophiles.


Joe loved life and extracted every ounce of enjoyment he could from it.  He traveled extensively, domestically and abroad.  He savored whiskeys, fine wines, and canned beers with equal relish – so long as he could share them with loved ones and friends.  And Joe was truly in his element when entertaining and bbq’ing for a crowd.


Joe wasn’t born into an outdoors family, but he created one.  He backpacked in the desolation wilderness as a young man and passed along his love of nature to his children at the Lake of the Woods.  He fancied himself something of a fisherman, revered wildlife of all kinds, and loved nothing more than spending a weekend with friends and family at their home on the Mokelumne River.


As a father, Joe defined the word “present.”  He was a fixture at his children’s sporting events, regularly volunteered as a coach or swim meet starter, never missed a musical or artistic performance, and engaged with teachers and coaches alike.  His love for children and helping them develop their full potential was his life’s work, exemplified in part by his decision to become a founding Board Member of the Sacramento Boys & Girls Club.


With the exception of billiards, few would confuse Joe with a world-class athlete.  But he was a fierce competitor on the recreational basketball court, softball field, and the occasional golf course.  He and his brother could execute a flawless pick and roll.   And there are few fans of the Sacramento Kings and San Francisco 49ers more devoted than Joe Barankin.


Joe is survived by the love of his life, his wife, Catherine.  It was rare for you to see Cathy or Joe without the other.  Joe is also survived by his son Nathan (Ann) and granddaughters Harper and Chloe, son Micha (Bea), and step-sons Barrett Sizemore (Sarah) and Phillip Nails (Elisabeth).


A memorial service will be held at West Point Cemetery at 1:00 pm on Sunday, August 18, to be followed by a reception celebrating Joe’s life at the Academy Club in West Point, CA.  In lieu of flowers, the family asks that contributions be made to the Sacramento Boys & Girls Club.



Drowning Rates Drop Thanks to New Laws

Copied from California Healthline (July 22, 2019):

Some welcome news at the height of summer swimming season: Children are far less likely to drown in California than they were in the 1980s — and child drowning rates have continued to fall even in the past decade, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The nation as a whole has experienced a similar, though less dramatic, decline, with drowning rates for children age 14 and younger now about one-third of what they were in the early 1980s.

Experts say state and local laws that require more fencing and security features around family swimming pools have made a difference, along with increased awareness of the dangers of letting young children swim alone.

From 1980 to 1982, 586 California children age 14 and younger died in accidental drownings, a rate of 3.7 deaths per 100,000 children, federal data show. The pace fell sharply in the 1990s, to a rate of about 1.4 deaths per 100,000 from 1999 to 2001. From 2015 to 2017, 186 children drowned in California. That figure translates to 0.8 drownings per 100,000 children.

Nationally, the drowning rate for children age 14 and younger was 2.9 per 100,000 over three years from 1980 to 1982 (4,417 deaths). By comparison, from 2015 to 2017, that rate fell to 1.1 per 100,000 (2,051 deaths).

Despite the improvements, drowning remains the nation’s leading injury-related cause of death for children ages 1 to 4, and children in that age group are most likely to drown in a swimming pool rather than a natural body of water. Highly publicized cases, like the June death of River Smith, the 3-year-old son of country singer Granger Smith, are a reminder of the risks. River drowned in the pool at his family’s Texas home, while his father and siblings played nearby.

“Often drowning is silent; it happens in 20 to 60 seconds,” said Adam Katchmarchi, executive director of the National Drowning Prevention Alliance. “Parents don’t realize how quickly that can happen to their children.”

Nadina Riggsbee, founder and president of the California-based Drowning Prevention Foundation, said the sharp decline in accidental drownings in California is a direct outgrowth of strict uniform building codes.

“We have the strongest, most stringent pool-fencing law in the nation, in the world, actually,” Riggsbee said. “We suggest to other states: Why don’t you mirror the California law?”

Riggsbee’s 2-year-old-daughter died and her 14-month-old son was severely injured in the late 1970s when a babysitter briefly left the two unattended at their home in San Ramon, a city in Contra Costa County. The babysitter had neglected to lock a sliding door after letting out the family dog, and the children exited through the door to the pool.

A few years later, Contra Costa County became the first county in the nation to pass a regulation requiring fencing around pools, Riggsbee said. She and other advocates pressed other communities to adopt similar ordinances. Their greatest success came in the late 1990s, when the state legislature passed the Swimming Pool Safety Act.

The statewide law requires that new pools are accompanied by one of the following safety features: a fence that separates the pool from a home; a robust pool safety cover; exit alarms on doors leading from the home to the pool area; self-closing and self-latching doors leading from the home to the pool area; or a safety device as effective as those four measures.

In 1995 and 1996, before the law took effect, 269 California children died from accidental drowning. By comparison, in 2016 and 2017, 125 California children drowned — a drop of more than 50%.

The law was amended in the mid-2000s to allow for two other types of safety measures: a pool alarm that sounds upon unauthorized entry into the water, or a removable mesh pool fence with self-closing, self-latching doors.

National safety organizations continue to push for more states and cities to adopt uniform standards and have embraced as a model the International Swimming Pool and Spa Code. The code requires physical barriers around pools and sets standards on gates and latches. So far, 21 states and more than 180 local agencies have adopted the code, industry data show.

Even with statewide standards, child drowning rates vary across California. Counties in the state’s arid Central Valley — known for its long, scorching summers — tend to have higher child drowning rates than the rest of the state.

“There are more days and months of heat,” Riggsbee said. “The families are using the pools more frequently.”

Riggsbee and other advocates hope a California law enacted last year will result in even fewer child drownings in years to come. Under the law, newly installed or remodeled private pools must feature two safety measures, rather than just one.

Drowning Rates Dropped

Child Drowning Rates Drop As Communities Adopt Stricter Building Codes

Some welcome news at the height of summer swimming season: Children are far less likely to drown in California than they were in the 1980s — and child drowning rates have continued to fall even in the past decade, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The nation as a whole has experienced a similar, though less dramatic, decline, with drowning rates for children age 14 and younger now about one-third of what they were in the early 1980s.

CLICK HERE for more details.

Drowning Prevention Month

letter from the governor drowning prevention


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Office of the Governor

May 2019

Drowning Prevention Month

This Summer, many Californians will enjoy outdoor activities involving water and swimming. Our Golden State has abundant sources of water, including hundreds of miles of Pacific Ocean coastline, beautiful rivers, lakes and aqueducts and communities with swimming pools. I urge Californians to enjoy these resources and the warm weather, while also being safe and vigilant to prevent drowning.

According to the Drowning Prevention Foundation, drowning is the leading cause of injury-related deaths among Californian children ages four and under, with an average of 51 new deaths per year. Children and adults who survive near-drowning accidents often suffer permanent brain damage. The California Department of Developmental Services (DDS) currently provides services to 775 survivors of near-drowning accidents who require lifelong assistance for their disabilities.

Knowing how to prevent drowning is a critical step in keeping children safe. Teach them survival skills, ensure they have constant supervision by an adult in and around water, install isolation fencing and alarms around pool areas and know how to respond in an emergency. Basic training in water rescue skills, first aid, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) could save a life.


Gavin Newsom

Governor of the State of California.